What is Solar e-waste? Whose management is a big challenge before India
Friends, in today’s article we are going to see what is solar e-waste? Whose management is a big challenge before India. Friends, the best option for power generation is solar panels. And to produce electricity from it is also much easier than other sources. Along with India, serious work is being done on solar panels in China and many other developing countries.
But in the midst of all these advantages, a serious problem of solar e-waste has emerged. According to the BTI report, this problem has been described as a very serious problem. And in the coming 30 years, it is going to be a challenge in front of all the countries. So in today’s article, we are going to discuss this topic that what is solar e-waste and how is it going to be a challenge in front of us. So friends, definitely read the article completely so that you too can understand its seriousness!
What is Solar E-Waste?
Friends, all of you must know about solar panels which are used to generate electricity. And out of all the sources of electricity generation, it is easy to generate electricity from solar panels. But very dangerous chemicals are used in making solar panels such as silicon tetrachloride, cadmium, selenium and sulfur hexafluoride.
Solar e-waste is the waste of equipment used in solar power generation. Solar panels or solar modules are installed at any place to generate solar energy. Any solar panel once installed works only for a certain time. click here
After a time, when their age is over, they become useless. Generally, the average lifespan of any solar panel is 20 to 25 years. After this export it is no longer usable. And gets converted into solar e-waste. Not only this, even if the panel burns, breaks or becomes a victim of any natural calamity during its use many times, it also becomes a solar e-waste!
Solar e-waste, the future crisis for India
Friends, without considering the future, we are using solar panels. But have you ever wondered where does solar e-waste go? Because it is a very difficult task to manufacture solar panels twice from this waste. So let’s see why solar e-waste, the future crisis for India, is in discussion.
Why is solar e-waste in the news?
Concerning the environment, we are rapidly moving towards green energy to meet our energy needs. Due to this, a lot of importance is being given to solar power generation in India. And solar panels are being installed in large numbers across the country. Due to which our energy needs are being met along with environmental protection on one hand. On the other hand, our dependence on non-renewable energy resources is gradually decreasing.
But when the technology used to protect the environment becomes a threat to the environment itself, then what will it be called? Something similar is possible with solar energy. A private energy consultancy form BTI has expressed similar concerns in its recently released study. According to this study, by 2050, there will be a huge pile of solar e-waste i.e. photo voltaic waste in India. The pile of solar e-waste can become a big challenge in the future!
BTI (Bridge to India) says that the Government of India needs to make a policy at the earliest on the standards of materials used for solar e waste management and photovoltaic manufacturing. The disposal of solar e-waste, a new category of e-waste will be a big issue in India in the coming few years. Because the more enthusiasm we are going to install solar panels, the more we are ignoring the waste generated from it!
This neglect may not be a big issue right now, but solar e-waste can be a big problem in the coming times. In such a situation, the question is to what extent solar e-waste is dangerous in environmental protection. The question is also how prepared is India for the management of solar e-waste!
What the BTI report says
Bridge to India (BTI) in its study has expressed concern over the increasing solar e-waste across the country. BTI says that in the last few months, the Government of India has started some important initiatives in the field of renewable energy. Such as Srishti scheme for roof of solar plant capacity, Kusum scheme for setting up solar power plants for farmers, scheme for solar panel model has been started. The government is investing heavily in this area by installing solar pads on a large scale.
In the midst of all this, a major problem that is going to arise in the future, e-waste is being denied outright. Keeping this concern in front, Bridge to India (BTI) has told in its study that the amount of solar energy used in photovoltaic modules i.e. solar panels is increasing continuously in India. In this, solar e-waste in India is expected to exceed 1.8 million tonnes by 2050. click here
According to the study, the amount of photovoltaic waste will be 2 million tonnes by 2030 and about 1. Estimated to increase by 8 million tonnes. A similar estimate was made by the International Renewable Energy Agency in its report in 2016. It was said that at present there are 2.50 lakh metric tons of solar panels around the world. Which can reach the figure of 60 to 78 metric tons by 2050. Countries like India and China which are investing in solar energy sector in large amount will become the countries to generate large amount of solar e-waste.
What is the effect of solar e-waste
The photovoltaic cell is the most important in a solar panel. The photovoltaic modules used in our country are made of glass, metal, silicon and polymer components. About 80% of these are made of glass and aluminum. Which is not dangerous but 20% part is made from dangerous substances like lead, polymers and cadmium euogic!
Photovoltaic modules contain heavy metals. which harms the environment. If they are not disposed of properly then they start taking refuge. Which are very dangerous not only in terms of environmental protection but also for human health and for the living world. Due to these, there is a lack of environmental biodiversity, a decline in the growth and reproduction rate of tree plants and animals. Also there are some health hazards too!
India’s position in terms of solar e-waste
India is steadily getting stronger in the solar energy sector. Although India’s solar energy sector is still in its nascent stage, our solar power installed capacity has increased by eight times. The result of this is that the solar power capacity, which was 2.63 GW in 2014, has now increased to 40 GW in 2020. With this, India has emerged as one of the leading markets for solar cells in the world.
But solar panels are not made in our country. Rather we import it from countries like China, Singapore, Philippines and Indonesia. So far, almost all solar plants installed across the country are largely based on imported photovoltaic cells from outside. The same Government of India has set a target of 100 GW of solar power by 2022. From this it is evident that we are constantly focusing on increasing the production of solar energy.
But it also becomes clear that we are not paying attention to the dreaded problem like solar e-waste. In view of these conditions, solar waste is estimated to reach 1.8 million tonnes by 2050. This quantity is almost equal to the amount of e-waste being generated annually in the country. According to a report by the International Renewable Energy Agency, India will be a country with 600 GW of solar photovoltaic energy by 2050. With which India can generate 7.5 million solar e-waste, India will be included in the list of top 5 solar e-waste generating countries by 2050!
So friends was this what is solar e-waste? Some information about what is solar e waste and its serious problems Hope you must have understood what is solar e-waste and how it is a challenge in front of India.
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